Joris Ivens
(Netherlands)

Joris Ivens, byname of Georg Henri Anton Ivens, (born November 18, 1898, Nijmegen, Netherlands—died June 28, 1989, Paris, France), Dutch motion-picture director who filmed more than 50 international documentaries that explored leftist social and political concerns.

Ivens, who was educated at the Rotterdam (Netherlands) School of Economics (1916–17, 1920–21), served as a field artillery lieutenant in World War I and later studied photochemistry in Germany (1922–23). In 1926 he returned to Amsterdam and joined the family business, but he left after receiving acclaim for two of his films, De Brug (1928; The Bridge) and Regen (1929; Rain). His successes resulted in an invitation to lecture in the Soviet Union (1930), where he made Komsomol (1932; Song of Heroes), which featured Communist youths who built blast furnaces.

In the Borinage area of Belgium he filmed Misère au Borinage (1933; Borinage), a depiction of a miner’s strike. In Spain with the writer Ernest Hemingway he made The Spanish Earth (1937), an anti-Franco report on the Spanish Civil War. In China he produced The Four Hundred Million (1938), a documentary on the Sino-Japanese War. At the invitation of the U.S. government, he filmed The Power and the Land (1940), about the New Deal’s rural electrification program, followed by Our Russian Front (1941). In 1944 he was named film commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, but he resigned in protest against Dutch colonialism and made the pro-independence film Indonesia Calling (1946), provoking Dutch authorities to temporarily rescind his passport and then require that it be renewed every few months; he reportedly did not receive a standard three-year passport until 1961. His later films included How Yukong Moves the Mountain (1976) and Une Histoire du vent (1988; A Tale of the Wind).

Filmography
A Tale of the Wind
1988
The Drugstore
1980
Les Kazaks
1977
Les ouigours
1977
How Yukong Moved the Mountains
1976
Le people et ses fusills
1970
17th Parallel
1967
Une histoire de ballon
1967
Far from Vietnam
1967
Le ciel - La terre
1967
Rotterdam Europort
1966
Le mistral
1965
Le train de la victoire
1964
Le petit chapiteau
1963
A Valparaíso
1962
Pueblo en armas
1961
Carnet de viaje
1961
Demain à Nanguila
1960
L'Italia non è un paese povero
1960
Letters from China
1958
The war of the 600 Million People
1958
The Windrose / Rose of the Winds
1957
My Child
1956
The Song of the Rivers
1954
Chagall
1952-1960
Peace Tour 1952
1952
Friendship Triumphs
1952
The First Years
1948
Indonesia Calling
1946
Action Stations
1943
Corvette Port Arthur
1943
Our Russian Front
1942
Power and the Land
1940
New Frontiers
1940
The 400 Million
1938
The Spanish Earth
1937
Borinage
1934
New Earth
1933
Komsomol, (Song of Heroes)
1932
Creosote
1932
Philips Radio
1931
Donogoo-Tonka
1931
We are building
1930
Zonneland
1930
Second Union Film
1930
Zuiderzee
1930
Tribune Film
1930
Concrete Construction
1930
Pile Diving
1929
Poor Drenthe (The Misery in the Peat-mores of Drenthe)
1929
Breakers
1929
Rain
1929
The Bridge
1928
Ice Skating
1927
The Street
1927
Filmstudy Zeedijk
1927
Movement Studies in Paris
1927
Instruction Films Micro Camera, University Leiden
1927
The Sick Town
1927
Film Sketchbook
1927
The Sunhouse
1925
O, Sunland
1922
De wigwam / The Flaming Arrow
1911

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