Joris Ivens
(Netherlands)

Joris Ivens, byname of Georg Henri Anton Ivens, (born November 18, 1898, Nijmegen, Netherlands—died June 28, 1989, Paris, France), Dutch motion-picture director who filmed more than 50 international documentaries that explored leftist social and political concerns.

Ivens, who was educated at the Rotterdam (Netherlands) School of Economics (1916–17, 1920–21), served as a field artillery lieutenant in World War I and later studied photochemistry in Germany (1922–23). In 1926 he returned to Amsterdam and joined the family business, but he left after receiving acclaim for two of his films, De Brug (1928; The Bridge) and Regen (1929; Rain). His successes resulted in an invitation to lecture in the Soviet Union (1930), where he made Komsomol (1932; Song of Heroes), which featured Communist youths who built blast furnaces.

In the Borinage area of Belgium he filmed Misère au Borinage (1933; Borinage), a depiction of a miner’s strike. In Spain with the writer Ernest Hemingway he made The Spanish Earth (1937), an anti-Franco report on the Spanish Civil War. In China he produced The Four Hundred Million (1938), a documentary on the Sino-Japanese War. At the invitation of the U.S. government, he filmed The Power and the Land (1940), about the New Deal’s rural electrification program, followed by Our Russian Front (1941). In 1944 he was named film commissioner for the Dutch East Indies, but he resigned in protest against Dutch colonialism and made the pro-independence film Indonesia Calling (1946), provoking Dutch authorities to temporarily rescind his passport and then require that it be renewed every few months; he reportedly did not receive a standard three-year passport until 1961. His later films included How Yukong Moves the Mountain (1976) and Une Histoire du vent (1988; A Tale of the Wind).

Filmography
De wigwam / The Flaming Arrow
1911
O, Sunland
1922
The Sunhouse
1925
Film Sketchbook
1927
The Sick Town
1927
Instruction Films Micro Camera, University Leiden
1927
Movement Studies in Paris
1927
Filmstudy Zeedijk
1927
The Street
1927
Ice Skating
1927
The Bridge
1928
Rain
1929
Breakers
1929
Poor Drenthe (The Misery in the Peat-mores of Drenthe)
1929
Pile Diving
1929
Zonneland
1930
We are building
1930
Second Union Film
1930
Zuiderzee
1930
Tribune Film
1930
Concrete Construction
1930
Donogoo-Tonka
1931
Philips Radio
1931
Creosote
1932
Komsomol, (Song of Heroes)
1932
New Earth
1933
Borinage
1934
The Spanish Earth
1937
The 400 Million
1938
New Frontiers
1940
Power and the Land
1940
Our Russian Front
1942
Action Stations
1943
Corvette Port Arthur
1943
Indonesia Calling
1946
The First Years
1948
Friendship Triumphs
1952
Peace Tour 1952
1952
Chagall
1952-1960
The Song of the Rivers
1954
My Child
1956
The Windrose / Rose of the Winds
1957
The war of the 600 Million People
1958
Letters from China
1958
L'Italia non è un paese povero
1960
Demain à Nanguila
1960
Carnet de viaje
1961
Pueblo en armas
1961
A Valparaíso
1962
Le petit chapiteau
1963
Le train de la victoire
1964
Le mistral
1965
Rotterdam Europort
1966
Le ciel - La terre
1967
Far from Vietnam
1967
Une histoire de ballon
1967
17th Parallel
1967
Le people et ses fusills
1970
How Yukong Moved the Mountains
1976
Les ouigours
1977
Les Kazaks
1977
The Drugstore
1980
A Tale of the Wind
1988

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